Hydrokinetic turbines use in India

Oct 31, 2012   //   by admin   //   Knowledge Base  //  No Comments

Hydrokinetic  turbines  use in India

In India   there are only a few operating Hydrokinetic energy plants. It has advantage over use of other renewable resources as it does not generate green house gases. India is considered to be home of thousands of canals , specialists claims that  there may be enormous prospective for  tapping  hydrokinetic energy. Although in India the hydel projects faced tough times due to its  impacts ,  by the environmentalists & activists.

Till date only  few  hydrokinetic energy development are in marketable process. Although there are several future wave energy projects all over the world   and many working prototype systems which are being tested till now .

The establishment and assessment is carried out in a project mode by the government of India a Since , in  India   this   energy power generation possible figure comes to be around 85,000 MW.  The estimation of producing green energy is focused by   looking in to  many important aspects like awareness about its uses , making rigid structure and audit of energy in order to improve the efficient power generation for fulfilling the existing demand for power. The proper assessment and analyses is being carried out to put in the Hydrokinetic use in India for generating electricity is around 35,000 MW . Although all over the world only few Huge hydrokinetic plants are available for example the use of oceanic waves (  barrage  & tidal energy )  on rivers and canals to convert  it in to mechanical power  .

River in-stream production services are also in the improvement stage with more than a few working prototypes which are being experienced. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) has issued some first round authorize for future tidal, wave & river in-stream services. Regardless of this comparatively low level of progress in this aspect, hydrokinetic energy resource probability is noteworthy, mostly for wave energy as it is a renewable resource which does not fabricate greenhouse gas emissions. Wave energy devices take out energy from the exterior movement of the waves or else from force   under the surface. Further this energy is transformed in to mechanical energy that compels a generator to produce electricity.

Hydrokinetic Operators in running in various parts of India – A closer look

 The hydrokinetic use &   initiatives brought in this regards  by some of the private partners in India . For example  DLZ Power Pvt Ltd, an Ohio-based company uphold by a non resident Indian has started extracting energy canals in Uttarakhand.  It is stated that by using hydrokinetic turbines they are successfully able to   produce around 25 Kw of power  at Chila canal close to Rishikesh ( Uttarakhand )  , with the help of  pontoons it keeps on floating on the canal.

Also there are various irrigation projects operating on large rivers of the country  like Brahamaputra  , Nagavali , Nagaarjuna sagar  dam, Bhamani river , Indrasagar dam etc .

The dam and major irrigation projects faced large number of critiques due to highly negative  its impacts on environment and the local community leading to larger debate on use of hydrokinetics from dams.

Small Scale Hydrokinetic power

Environment friendly small scale  hydrokinetic power is  still need to put in to frame from as it is rare. Although apart from Uttrakhand mini hydel policy in Jammu & Kashmir & small hydropower plants in U.P are in process at present.

Uses of   Hydro kinetics / Tidal Energy in India:Tidal energy is derived from capturing energy from oceanic tides .Barrage & Turbine systems are well used to produce mechanical energy.

There are two basic types of systems used to convert tidal energy in to mechanical / electrical energy such as   barrage systems and tidal turbines. These systems are used on the rivers & canals of India in order   to generate hydrokinetic powers .

Through Barrage Systems:  A barrage is a dam positioned crossways on an estuary to facilitate water  to  be  filled up when a high tide arrives in to sink .  Water is   directed via outgoing   high tide of around 7 m approx. Actually it acts as  hydro elected plant on rivers . This facility is located on some rivers in India & utilized to generate power . Gandaki river situated between India & Nepal using canal system, Sharda river , Kosi barrage Utrakhand , Between North India & Bangladesh – Farkka barrage.

Through Tidal turbines:  A tidal turbine basically turns movement of water in a horizontal manner when tides come & go . It can be well used when there is consistent tidal flow to generate electricity. And minimization of any conflicts such as   the water floor shouldn’t be used for other purposes like fishing, shipping, environment loss etc.  In India tidal barrage is used at quite few places only such as Gujrat hosted Asia’s first commercial tidal station in the gulf of Kutchh which is company Atlantis Resources is bound to set up   50MW tidal farm.

 

 

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