Employing the economically weaker section (EWS) in energy sector

Oct 31, 2012   //   by admin   //   Knowledge Base  //  No Comments

Employing the economically weaker section (EWS) in energy sector

With the advancement of energy sector reforms there is an increment in the jobs and demand of workers in this sector. With development and expansion of energy sector can lead to an increase in net employment. For ensuring sustainable development it is necessary to employ low income groups people in this sector.  Despite the unavailability of data, Job creation at domestic level is an important factor in deployment of renewable energy.  It is estimated to have 4million jobs by 2030 in off-grid sector alone. With wider application of green energy there is a need of more skilled labours in this sector.

Employing people in to the deployment of renewable energy not only provides employment opportunities but also increases the community participation level and interest in energy conservation. With an increased participation and awareness in non-conventional sources the agenda of development will be automatically achieved.

Besides providing rural electrification, agricultural purposes and household purposes, these also provide self- employment or employment to a great extent in rural areas. The deployment of renewable energy will create employment directly or indirectly in many ways.

Technologies like wind power and solar PV which basically doesn’t constant supply of fuels tend to involve the highest levels of employment during manufacturing and construction. While technologies like biomass and fuels are labour-intensive as in the feedstock production and, and distribution.

The main difference between two technologies is the extent of professional and unskilled labour that may be involved in the production or collection of feedstock, such as uneducated farmers and seasonal labourers. These are more labour- oriented technologies. These job profiles mainly are in installation, manufacturing, management, feedstock production and distribution. There are mainly three types of jobs in sectors:-

  • Direct jobs – includes manufacture, production , installation
  • Indirect jobs – Operation, Maintenance and supply
  • Induced –  Jobs in other sector due to this sector

 

There are various employment factors in this sector. The net job creation highly depends upon how the power will be distributed or deployed. A stable and consistent deployment policy ensures potential jobs in this sector.  Besides Deployment policies, Industrial policies and no. of skilled labours also influences job creation.

Although renewable sector needs skilled labours but even unskilled labours and uneducated people can also be employed during construction phase and manufacturing process. With a little training session people can get eligible to work and get employed.

For attaining the above purpose it is necessary to implement various vocational training programmes. With the increase in shift towards renewable energy and increasing concern towards increase in jobs requires training and skills so that they can be efficiently deployed.

There is a need of change in deployment policies of government as in favour of employment generation. Countries with stable policies have achieved greater success in the process of achieving sustainability. The policies should be clear, flexible and should be consistently applied. The effectiveness of a deployment policy largely depends upon removing non-economic barriers affordability, costly and time-consuming legal formalities, difficulties in access or supply, lack of skills and knowledge, inadequate knowledge and lack of social acceptance. When policies are inconsistently applied investors fear investing in the plans and with no investment there will be no net job creation.

Improving the conditions in labour market can also have positive effects in job creation.  Employment effects of policies without concentrating on issues like dislocation, labour market problems will be negative.

The employment factor also depends upon the industrial policies in the renewable sector. For countries that are more focused in the deployment of renewable sector will have more jobs in installation and maintenance activities. In this case, the key factor of policies is to focus on deployment policies and on labour market policies to ensure that the relevant skills exist.

While a country which is focused on the manufacturing process will have more employment as much deployment at domestic levels with an increased supply chain. In this case government needs to work on both demand and supply side.

So, a proper change in deployment policies and labour market policies plus numerous training programmes for rural peoples can increase the employment and self-employment at local and domestic level.

 

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