Sea Level Increase Maintained By Using Less Fossil Fuel Power Systems

Sep 9, 2017   //   by admin   //   Knowledge Base  //  No Comments

This article brings forth the understanding of fossil fuel power system to the readers and its correlation to sea level.

Fossil Fuel: These fossil fuels are formed through natural process called as anaerobic decomposition of all the dead and buried organisms. This takes many years to be formed and consists of high amounts of carbon. These fossil fuels are of extreme high utility since these forms to be coal, petroleum and natural gas contributing to the energy generation and supply of power all over the world.

Since, these fossil fuels takes years in its formation, it can not be replenished and hence are categorized as Non-renewable sources of energy.

The utilization of fossil fuel has widely spread all over and is the cause of pollution to air, water, wind which further heads towards many issues in terms of environment, health, economy etc. Hence our production and use of energy for cooking, transportation, cooling and warming activities is directly contributing to the climate change. Let us look at it briefly and later systematically understand its relation with sea level.

Relationship Between Sea Level and Fossil Fuels:

Combustion of fossil fuels releases carbon dioxide in air. Over the years, there has been sharp increase of Carbon Dioxide in air. Alongwith other green house gases released in air that directly increases the heat in atmosphere of Earth. Global temperature has increased drastically over the years which has resulted in increase rainfall and violent storms while reducing the snow/ice sheets, thereby increasing the sea levels.

Therefore, in simple explanation, fossil fuel power system poses following interrelated environmental problems associated with it

  1. Global warming
  2. Acidification of Environment.

Uptil now, there has been considerations given to global warming and its impacts in

several ways. One of the way that has been long neglected has been the rise in sea level. Since, it is believed to be one of most slow and gradual process and would not affect human race in many ways. Its only recent that researches has been invested into studying the phenomenon and effects.

Climate and Sea Level

The climate affects the sea level in 2 ways:

  1. Moving earth’s water between glaciers resting on land.
  2. By changing the Temperature of ocean water and hence its volume.

The warm climate raises the sea level even without contribution from glaciers. However, warming of entire ocean may take several decades. However, the upper level of sea may warm and raise sea level. This has largely been ignored aspect since its a short term affect of global warming. Major aspects of global sea level depends on:

a. Total quantity of water filing the ocean’s basins
b. Temperature of the ocean layer: determining volume and density of water. c. shape of the ocean floor or Bythametry: determining water holding capacity.

Therefore, global raise in temperature can be due to variety of physical mechanisms such as transferring the snow and ice from land into sea, thereby increasing quantity of water in ocean basins and raise ocean’s temperature causing the expansion in volumes and changes in bythametry of ocean floor.

Acidification and Sea Level

Fossil fuel releases sulphur oxides and nitrogen oxides into the air which are the main causes of acid rain. Acid rain causes acidification of lakes, streams. This water damages the trees and forest soil. With strength of acid rain, infrastructure like buildings, paints begin to decay. The decay of the forest land gradually lays the basis for the erosion to take place and the water bodies to substitute for the land. The foundation is laid since there is land availability and raise in sea level that will begin to occupy the space that it needs.

Effects of Increase in Sea Level:

These global temperature has grown over the decades and even with cutting down on the use of fossil fuels, it will take its long due course to reach back to equilibrium. Though it will leave a heavy economical, environmental, social and cultural impact on human race, few of the effects it will show on humans over years are and would be:

1. Occupying Land: thousands of square miles of land would be lost since the sea level would require to grow over its capacity and occupy nearby land. Economically, this is something which could be used for several purposes to support and development of man.

2. Erosion: Though mainly affecting the coastal communities, erosion would happen, taking away several fertile zones under it.
3. Loss of Storm Damage Control: Since the water would reach the communities close by circle, the scope to control or prevent storms in such location would be negligible.

4. Safe Drinking water: Not only will it effect the marine life, it will also affect the quantity of drinking water since sea rise will increase salinity of marshes and aquifers.

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