Electrifying an Isolated Village – Challenges

Sep 9, 2017   //   by admin   //   Knowledge Base  //  No Comments

This paper attempts to discuss about two topics in particular. Firstly ways in which an isolated village can be electrified and secondly the challenges associated with it. However to be able to understand the entire concept, lets first look at the definition of isolated village.

An isolated village refers to a community of people living together whether in small or big numbers but live in remote distance from the mainstream population. Isolated villages are physically, socially separated from the rest of interconnected villages, cities, towns etc.

The definition of isolated however is in sense of not being sufficiently near to grid. These are remote or off-grid population which needs to be connected socially through the initiation of electricity supply.

Advantages: Provision of electricity supply indicates the basic connectivity and provides platform wherein isolation is minimized. Scope of education and good health options are determined. Hence electrification is a key to economic development and growth. This shall ensure socio-political empowerment of the villages.

Despite many efforts of providing electricity in such locations, there have been many challenges encountered world wide. Few of the challenges are as follows:

1. Adequate supply: the supply of electricity is inadequate depending upon the small villages attached nearby using it more or less. It is found to be difficult to assess the number of isolated populations, small villages and agricultural areas in and around the vicinity where from the isolated population can be supplied electricity.

2. LowLoadDensitiesGenerators:consideringtheaboveissueisvalidinnumerous locations all over the world, it is found that the supply grid is unable to meet the needs of the population around. The generation of electricity and hence the supply is inadequate. Largely low density generators have been planted which has not been able to meet the need and quits the supply of energy.

3. Distancefromgrid:theisolatedvillagesareconnectedtothenearbyareas through the grid that ensures connectivity. But the dispersion of electricity faces difficulty largely due to the distance. The tough, terrain land, agricultural areas in between offers difficulty to sustain the supply of electricity.

4. HighCost-Maintenance:Consideringtheabovepoint,thisdirectlyco-relatesto maintenance that the supply chain requires. To ensure the available capacity and reliability of the existing system for supply for electricity exists, it demands high

cost which is much of cause of debate to State and Country world wide. This leads

to degradation of the grid connections if not used or maintained well.
5. Community’sResponse:inthecontextofisolatedpopulation,theviewof electricity varies from community to community. There have been certain


communities that have been traced whose acceptance towards the electrification of their village is not favorable. The communities reject the idea of enforcing something that hasn’t been in practice in their communities for generations. On the other side, there are communities that have been found whose response is positive but haven’t understood the potential and need of electricity in their place. The next important issues found were the provision of various appliances that would allow them to utilize electricity to simplify lives and look forward towards development.

Socio-political issues: there are many speculations over the world in order to provide electricity to the villages which have been isolated for years together and whose development is delayed due to many factors. The electricity that can be one source of development is problematic due to its shortage of supply in urban setting as well. Considering another important point of generating revenue. The political issues hidden in not only setting up on budget that otherwise is generated from the public money, it is largely the problem of maintenance and subsidies that are invested into development of such isolated villages. Hence there is lack of vigor and enthusiasm in the corporate and government sector as well to be able to invest thoroughly. Therefore bureaucratic delays among the service providers is one major concern when it comes to universal electrification. Financial Concerns: the government ensuring the supply of electricity is offering electricity that minimum rate possible while government itself is investing through heavy subsidies. But it is observed that the money earned from such isolated villages is not matching the minimum rate at which it is offered, resulting into non usage and wastage of entire set up of electric plant. In certain communities there are different perceptions of the concept of money while in some other, it is not so. This makes it difficult for the government to generate funds and establish a sustainable link.

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