Involving the villagers into energy conservation and renewable energy

Sep 9, 2017   //   by admin   //   Knowledge Base  //  No Comments

Despite of many developments and reforms in energy sector, the rural people still don’t have proper access to energy services. Developing countries have been working towards power sector reforms, and experimented with renewable energies over past few decades. But in spite of this, involvement of local communities is poor in figures, mainly because the problems of the poor were ignored in a process of reform. The participation and involvement of local people will not benefit them but also the government, developers and stake holders in many ways. Generally the rural people are ignorant, illiterate and tradition bound. They want to stick to their old practices and traditions and fail to get involved in the new and advanced technology. The deployment of renewable energy in rural areas have to suffer many obstacles in its way costs, lack of technical skills, inadequate supply and distribution ,poor market and business skills.

For eradicating these first we have to understand the potential barriers in the deployment in renewable sources of energy:-

1) Lack of proper market facilities and existence of vertical market only

2) Competition from conventional sources like kerosene

3) Lack of proper credit facilities to local enterpreneurs

4) Lack of proper education and skills

5) Poor infrastructural development

6) Remoteness of the villages

7) Lack of proper development of supply

8) Lack of consumer awareness

These barriers and obstacles can be overcome with the change in existing pattern of power distribution in villages. Some important aspects of enabling the wide access of renewable energy including greater awareness, better product quality, offering after-sales services, community participation, encouraging the use of local stuffs where possible and providing adequate training. For achieving all these constraints following measures can be implemented:-

1) Sponsors should be involved in rural electrification initiatives and prepared to the need for involving communities in such programmes. Financial institutions should be established to manage these funds

2) Small amounts of loans or funds should made available to local peoples with the help of financial institutions.

3) Proper financial mechanism should be developed to help rural people. Sponsorships should be fixed carefully in according to the factors like population, income etc.

4) There is a need to design framework to involve local bodies in the active participation since the initial phase. This will strengthen community participation and help to develop social responsibility.

5) Proper information about the technology used and awareness is vital. This will help in gaining trust of people towards non-conventional sources

6) Involvement of NGOs, SHG’s and local entrepreneurs is crucial in mobilising the rural communities and should be allowed to work with villagers.

7) The perspective and expectations of people from energy sources should be properly researched.

8) There should be flexibility in regulated framework so power can be more affordable to rural people.

9) There exist a cost & quality relationships in the popularity as people are ready to pay for quality service as well as cost effective.

10) Employment through natural resources should be encouraged. This will not only provide employment but also encourage involvement at initial level.

11) Performance of community-based models should be monitored and evaluated.

12) Rural co-operative should be trained to handle all technical and financial aspects of the projects.

In summary, for ensuring sustainability and proper distribution government and regulatory bodies need to establish strategic measures and transparency to increase participation. For any initiative to be succeeding it is necessary to have proper knowledge about it. The general lack of awareness and education about energy conservation and renewable energy is the main obstacle for renewable energy to be succeeded. A focussed and more explicit policy for rural people and awareness programmes can do it all.



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