Benefits of educating rural India

Oct 31, 2012   //   by admin   //   Knowledge Base  //  No Comments

 

Benefits of educating rural India

 

Subsequent to   independence   India’s   vision towards   education is a valuable tool for  social change & the main objective lies in the course of community development. In rural areas there wass need to put up special focus for improving life conditions and rural transformation. Thus education is found to be the key factor in achieving this goal. In 1952 the focus was also brought towards   rural parts of India. Thus   Government of India initiated the program called   Community Development Block , villages are divided in to groups and  an authority is set up under   the national programme  to focus on education covering around 100 villages . A BDO (   Block Development Officer ) is in charge  up to  an  geographical area of  around 150 square miles (390 km2) covering the population of around 70000 people.

This  realization of social change in rural areas is focused  to bring out holistic development in villages compromising improvement in agriculture, corporations, setting up rural industries, health facilities & family welfare, literacy & social education  , primary education , adult education , promoting livelihood opportunities , employment, covering total population residing in the geographical coverage of that block.

The government persistently   viewed rural education as a large national program but still due to lack of proper planning&  execution  it has yielded less result thus it requires more balanced solutions in current era. Establishments of high quality rural schools is led by certain foundations for example Rural Development foundation (   Hyderabad  ) . Government of India are determined from a long time  period  to put in place a satisfactory  infrastructure in rural areas & has a special focus on primary education. A survey in this regards is conducted by NASSO in 2002  to know  the percentage  of villages  benefited from various schemes implemented shows that there is enormous availability of Anganwadi, primary schools in most of the villages throughout the country.  It is noticed several times that in certain rural parts vocational & technical training at school level will help the youths, rural people to develop the required skills & create enormous livelihood opportunities within the community.  But in countries like India  the social demand for these aspects is quite low. An awareness& consciousness among rural people will bring out much better results.

 Education for holistic development & job apportunities.

The labour market demands for particular skills in the current trend. Importantly an effective training program will lead to fill such gaps for the enhancement of knowledge & skills in rural youths channelizing their energies in a right way for livelihood opportunities.

People in rural areas have only a partial knowledge of the job market or career options and this apt  to a major problem in progress which the rural people seek for, mainly as work prospect are shifting very fast these days.

Usually  the employment attitude in rural areas has been restricted to government jobs and there has been very little supervision in relation to  the latest progress in services  such as  in the private sector & starting up self ventures for the holistic development. Consequently, additional importance should be given to the provision of knowledge  & preparation for training that is being endow with, collectively with the results of any suitably authenticate assessment of this training. Thus here is requirement to put  more stress to market-led skill development  in order to tackle the desolation of underemployment in the rural areas at one side and to provide to  those migrating to cities with more profitable skills so that they can confer enhanced wages and improve their  present living conditions . This  will have need of better altitude of partnership connecting the Government and the private sector for enhancing vocational education and training.

Education starting from primary school , secondary school up to  college play a significant role in a person’s life thus it has to be more oriented for holistic development of a student including the focus on employable  in current trend. Focus on job market does not mean should not be focus on basic education. The general education should put up in to the school curriculum & schools should   continuously   put emphases on developing key skills like critical thinking , communication etc.

Awareness is required

 

There has been outstanding advancement in rising admission to elementary education and preschool in rural areas, mainly from last ten years. No doubt a number of problems for example unbalanced attendance of children and teachers less time on work and gap in stipulation still prevail and the concern  to make sure  quality education for all is very important. But these dispute are being tackle and there are affirmative signs that the stress in major Government programmes , SSA is changing from widespread enrolment to universal  maintenance and excellence. Along with  this  there  is also growing attention being driven  to the governance of schools with the promotion and execution of Vocational centers.

 

A  more apparent process for organizing the school resources. Further the next step is to increment of accessibility to   secondary education, technical & vocational skills , training among the deprived sections like SC,ST, minorities and women in rural areas. Reaching to this level elementary & secondary education both play vital role can be achieved   in building up infrastructure . For that matter of fact there is need for continuous support in terms of finances and implementation, adequate reforms   from the government & public private partnership. As at this level the service providers are incomplete without the private partners & self entrepreneurs as well.

 

Refrences :-

–         Mingat, A. and J.P. Tan (1998). ‘The Mechanics of Progress in Education; Evidence from Cross Country Data’, Policy Research Working Paper 2015, World Bank, Washington. NCERT (2003) 7th All India Educational Survey, National Council-

–        RURAL EDUCATION –Michael Ward

 

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